Science: its Universal Character
Article 1. Real science implies knowledge
Real science implies knowledge, understanding and wisdom. It implies a total expression of “spiritual” consciousness of the cosmos and the world. Science without conscience is but the ruin of the soul, said Rabelais. It involves two concepts: that of knowing and of experience. Its vocation is to examine, to analyse, to study and to compare the phenomena of life in order to deduce its physical laws.
Article 2. Knowledge is information
Knowledge is information that synthesizes and stores the objects of the mind of man. Knowledge is a globalized synthesis of all knowledge that human conscience stores in memory as the basis for the evolution of humanity.
Article 3. Knowledge can be a helpful tool
Knowledge may or may not be a helpful tool in improving human everyday life. Knowledge is the ongoing capacity to keep in mind the concepts, notions, ideas and archetypes of human thinking. Ideas are pictorial representations of things and beings. They are developed by the thinker and activated by the human will expressed through the development of variable forms of thought. Reflection on ideas allows the thinker (which is the thinking principle of human nature) to discover the laws that characterize the functioning of the Economy of Matter and Nature.
Article 4. Science can be defined as the collection of all phenomenological knowledge
Science can be defined as the collection of all knowledge and learning arising from work whose scope is the stamp of universality. Its objective is the study of facts and relationships experimentally verifiable in specific contexts, using methods determined by the sense of observation, experiment, and the capacity of deduction, analysis and synthesis, which make it possible to develop hypotheses which it confirms and validates, or otherwise, it invalidates and annuls. Mental reflection is the basis of the analysis that allows thought thoroughly to examine a problem or situation.
Article 5. Scientific thought makes it possible to understand the ideas behind the appearance of things and beings
Scientific thought allows a certain level of understanding of certain concepts; that is to say, the abstract representations of an object or set of objects with common characteristics. Concepts can also be defined as an expression of general ideas applicable to specific and clearly determined situations or contexts.
Article 6. The image that mind conceives of a thing or a being
The image that the mind conceives of a thing or a being by the power of imagination is the mental representation of this thing or that being. An archetype is the primitive model of a thing or a being. An image can be analogical when the analytical and concrete mind establishes through the imagination a similarity between two objects that are apparently different.
Article 7. Thinking is twofold
Thinking is twofold: concrete or objective and causal or subjective. Objective thought runs through critical and analytical thinking, examines the formal appearance of material of things, beings and events. Causal thinking refers to a power that transcends the analytical and critical faculties: something that we can call “intuition”, which could be defined as the ability of subjective conscious awareness to understand the causal nature of things, people and situations; using a higher, pure reasoning, inherent to the existence of a subjective mind or causal intellect.
Article 8. Objective or analytical thinking
Objective or analytical thinking handles the concept of form or the concept of living matter, which means taking into consideration the exoteric knowledge of the appearance of life in general.
Article 9. Subjective or synthetic thinking
Subjective or synthetic thinking handles the aspect of consciousness, which means taking into account “esoteric” knowledge of what lies behind appearances: seeking to understand spontaneously by the faculty of intuition what is the essence of things and beings.
Article 10. Furthermore, we can say that objective thinking deals with the formal aspect of life
Furthermore, we can say that objective thinking is concerned with the phenomenal nature of appearance and the formal aspect of matter; and the causal subjective thinking focuses on the “noumenal” (the thing in itself, according to Kant) nature of consciousness and the essence of what constitutes the leading causal functions of life.
Article 11. Also, the Science of the Future must imply knowledge of matter and the spirit of life
Also, the Science of the Future can no longer be defined as mere “exoteric” knowledge of material phenomena, but should be considered – to be complete – both as the noumenal and “esoteric” knowledge of living consciousness and an intuitive understanding of the fundamental essence of substance.
Article 12. Objective thinking cannot function without the subjective mental faculty
Objective thinking cannot function without resorting to subjective thinking, and the latter, in turn, cannot function without referring to the perception or reflection of what is the essence of life which is in constant evolution.
Article 13. Science begins with questions
Science begins with questions to be raised, problems to be solved and riddles to be clarified: subjects that require all the lights of reason. Deepening its own knowledge of the phenomena, science discovers the existence of “noumena”, which obliges it to take on new challenges, forcing it to discover what lies behind the veil of appearances and understand the essence of life in ever-changing evolution. By a coherent and logical process, it must seek to reduce the finitude and limitations of the human intellect.
Article 14. It is obvious that thinking, both objective and subjective, is the primary instrument of knowledge
It is obvious that objective and subjective thinking is the main working tool of the human personality. It is able to undertake all kinds of work of universal scope. Without elaborate mental equipment, science does not exist. Hence, it follows that it is universal in its own nature. It is a major aspect of knowledge, intended to lead the Human Being towards the attainment of wisdom. Without wisdom, the perfection of humanity becomes impossible; so that there is no progress or lasting peace between men and their societies to. Our scientific motto is as follows:
INFORMATION – KNOWLEDGE – WISDOM
The contributions of Science must relate to all men and not be subject to any financial speculation in favour of a minority. It is therefore necessary to clarify the following points:
Article 15. Science must have a beneficial utility
Science must be practical and generate work. Work is a set of organized and coordinated human activities, producing what is useful to the everyday life of men, beneficial for his health and necessary for his survival.This must have a beneficial character.
Article 16. Work in science-
Work in science is a suite of fundamental research on a purely intellectual level, but whose impact may have practical applications in the everyday life of humanity.
Article 17. Scientific research aims to find, to discover
Scientific research aims to find and to discover by an effort of human mind, everything that helps to make progress on the path of knowledge for oneself and the world. The word “research” also involves and implies a harmonious whole of work whose aim is the discovery, re-discovery or revelation of new knowledge. Research is likely to teach what is unknown or forgotten, due to a lack of education and experience or by the disappearance of the ancient archives of humanity.
Article 18. By study applied to specific fields
Via applied study to specific fields of interest, Science can acquire the knowledge inherent to these fields and understand the meaning of things. By applying an orderly method of work, it verifies the facts related to the study of various phenomena. It confronts its discoveries with natural reality, in order to recognize its internal consistency or its likelihood. Science necessarily relies on a methodology, that is to say, a rational series of approaches using methods called “Cartesian”, a protocol of procedures for the sole purpose of discovering, verifying, validating and demonstrating the inherent truth of material “facts”, or relating to the existence of particular facts up to that point unknown to man. Therefore, to achieve its goals, Science always undertakes rational approaches, which must also be reasonable.
Article 19. Science is based primarily on reason and intuition
Science is based primarily on the use of reason and common sense. Reason is a faculty proper to the exercise of conscious awareness. It enables man to judge, compare, understand and judge everything according to specific principles.
Article 20. The scientific method consists of several phases
The scientific method consists of several phases in relation to the practical intellect and the use of the objective mental equipment: observation, hypothesis, experiment and deduction.
Article 21. Observation
Observation: initial phase. This is the mental action which consists of carefully and continuously examining the objects of knowledge: Nature, Man, Society, all forms of life, animate and apparently inanimate. Then, it reports the observed phenomena by describing and measuring them, while subjecting them to the mathematical laws of statistics and the teachings of nature.
Article 22. The hypothesis
Hypothesis: the second phase. This is the intellective act, thought through, which is a proposal that we accept as a plausible, true or probable solution of a given problem. The hypothesis is related to the explanation of natural phenomena, but must be verifiable by experience and deduction. The deduction can and usually does precede the development of the hypothesis, because scientific observation can deduce propositions from the hypothesis.
Article 23. Experiment
Experiment: the third phase. This is the act of control aimed to implement the propositions of the hypothesis. Science attempts to reproduce phenomena in the laboratory to verify the accuracy and validity of the proposed hypothesis. If the experiment confirms the hypothesis, science can validate the knowledge of the law discovered by deduction.
Article 24. Deduction
Deduction: the fourth phase. Deduction, therefore, forms a conclusion by reasoning as to the validity of the experiment. It is a judgment of value, taking a position on an issue that has been solved. It highlights the law that governs the reproduction of phenomena under the specific conditions of experimentation, in a determined frame and according to a precise system of reference. We have seen that deduction is also necessary to develop the hypothesis, and thus precedes and also follows both the hypothesis and the experiment.
Article 25. Science also allows experimental procedures
In fact Science also allows, by its experimental approach and its operating protocol resulting from the application of a method, the rigorous analysis of Man and his Environment, with the intention to know them better or make them known.