The Environment: Its Multifaceted Aspects
Article 1. For the human being, the environment is
For the human being, the environment is everything located or arranged, more or less, in his vicinity. On the scale of our planet, the environment is constituted by the set of all spatial bodies closest to its centre. For our sun, the environment is not only made up of all the planets and bodies that orbit around it, but also by all the other suns forming the constellation to which our own solar system belongs.
Article 2. We include in the term environment
We include in the term environment all the elements that are near or around something, more or less around a given centre. The environment of an individual is represented by the usual and natural surroundings of this individual.
Article 3. Globally and in synthesis,
Globally and in synthesis, the environment is the set of natural and cultural conditions that are likely to affect human activities and all living organisms. The intimate social environment of an individual is constituted by the group to which he belongs, that is to say by people living in its extended family environment: his spouse, his family, his friends, his enemies, his clan, his tribe, his own world. The individugroup defines the position of free individuals within an independent group with juridical capacities, marked by rights and obligations.
Article 4. The family is all persons related
The family is all persons related by marriage, filiation (relationship linking the child to its father and mother), and exceptionally, adoption. The tribe is a group of families living in the same region, whose unity is based on a common social structure and common myths. The clan is a group of persons forming a separate category, assembled by common interests or opinions.
Article 5. Friends are all persons
Friends are all persons with whom an individual is bond by mutual feelings of affection or sympathy, based on psychological links that are neither of blood nor of sexual attractiveness. Usually called a “milieu”, this is everything that surrounds a person, where he can find a person or a thing. It is also all the material and physical circumstances that surround and frame and define the scope and impact of a living being. As for space, it’s the natural environment that locates a man’s perceptions; in a word, it is the geographical environment in which people live.
Article 6. The natural environment
The natural environment consists of physical components: climate, topography, vegetation, soils and sub-soils. The man is linked to this environment, that he must respect and protect, from which he gets the necessary energy required for his survival: fuel, food, and materials for building and the manufacture of useful objects.
Article 7. Overall, Nature
Overall, Nature is the natural surroundings of every man from which no one can escape, being an integral part of it. Nature is also all dynamic forces or invisible principles that animate and organize the framework of the existence of living organisms and the habitat of men. On its own, Nature is an order that structures the existence of life. Therefore, man must respect it. For humanity, nature is, above all, the world we live in and the air we breathe. It is the space where our earth and all the other planets of our solar system develop.
Article 8. A milieu developed by man
A milieu developed by man becomes an artificial environment and ceases to be natural, because Nature is all that exists on our planet and humanity must be part of it, working as part of the natural forces. The earth is the place where humanity lives, that is to say the set of all places of the surface of the planet on which man can build his habitat and general site of evolution.
Article 9. Ecology
Ecology is a relatively new term to define the science that seeks to investigate the environments inhabited by living beings; it seeks to identify and know the precise relationship between living beings and their natural environment.